Welcome to Oslo Lawyers, the one stop site for information about Oslo Lawyers, where to find one and if you need one. We also provide local knowledge of the law and practises and how to find a lawyer in Oslo.
Oslo Lawyer information
The Role of the Lawyer
A sound judicial system is necessary to promote law and order in any region. While the role of the judicial bodies is to mete out relevant punishments for violators of law, it is the role of the lawyer to see that the defendant is not accused unjustly and plead his client's case to the best of his ability. Legal counsel is given by lawyers both in personal and professional matters. This counsel is not necessarily sought by the client only in difficult times.
The lawyer always gives advice in the interest of his client. He interprets the laws that would affect his client and puts forth the implications it would have on the personal and professional life of his client.
Do I need a lawyer?
A lawyer is sought not only in criminal cases but also in personal and professional matters. The subtle nuances and loopholes of the legal system are often complex to be understood by the common man. It is here that the expertise of the lawyer comes in. It goes without saying that you will need a lawyer if you have violated a law whether in ignorance or intentionally. It is also advisable to seek counsel of a lawyer in sale and purchase of property matters. The lawyer will be best able to guide your transactions and validate the legality of the transactions.
How to hire a lawyer
A good start to search for trustworthy lawyers is by asking your friends and relatives or in your local community. Even if you don't find a lawyer with the area of expertise that you need, there is no need to fret. It is largely possible that these lawyers will know of others lawyers who are perfect for your requirements. Another option is to hunt for lawyers online, through directory listings. Be sure to do a thorough background research on the case history of the lawyer before you decide to put forward your case. You might also consider contacting a small or large law firm, depending upon your requirements.
Introduction to the Oslo legal system
The judicial system of Norway forms a pyramid structure with the Supreme Court at its apex and the district courts at the base of the pyramid. In between the pyramid lies the Appeals Committee of the Supreme Court followed by the Court of appeal.
Norway enjoys a constitutional monarchy with the Storting (parliament) exercising legislative powers. In the legal system of Norway, laws take superiority over religious beliefs and traditions.
- The Supreme Court - The Supreme Court is based at Oslo and comprises of a chief justice and other 17judges.It is the final authority in the judicial system and judgements rendered by the Supreme Court cannot be appealed further. The judiciary is free from executive and legislative bodies.
- Appeals Committee of the Supreme Court - The interlocutory Appeals Committee of the Supreme Court consisting of 3 Supreme Court judges decides if a case is to be brought before the Supreme Court.
- Court of Appeal - The Court of Appeal operates in the six appellate districts of Norway. A Court of Appeal has a senior judge president and several appellate judges.
- District courts - Justice is first sought at the district courts. There are in all 83 district courts.
- Conciliation Boards - Each Municipality has a Conciliation Board. The Board mediates between the disputing parties and has the authority to pass judgement. Most civil cases are solved by the Conciliatory Boards. They do not have the authority to hear criminal cases.
For some cases not under the jurisdiction of the district courts, special courts of justice are sought
Industrial Disputes tribunal: handles cases relating to labour laws and disputes.
The Land Consolidation Courts: The role of the Land consolidation Court is to resolve disputes regarding land ownership and find solutions regarding correct land usage.
LGBT Rights: Norway is the first country that formed anti-discrimination laws to protect homosexuals. The country of Norway holds a very liberal view in regards to LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) rights. Same sex activity was legalized in the year 1972. By the law passed on 1st January 2009, same sex marriages are recognised legally. Married same sex couples can adopt. They are also allowed to adopt a stepchild legally. Artificial insemination is legal and the state even bears the cost. These couples can serve in the Armed forces. Norway is very relaxed towards gays and most part of Norway has a fairly gay scene.
Euthanasia: The Norwegian Medical Association strongly disapproves of euthanasia and assisted suicide. Physicians assisting in euthanasia are charged guilty, as 'accessory to murder'. The court gives lighter sentences when the action is done with the consent of the patient, to ease the suffering of a patient. There are mixed views and reactions among the Norwegian population regarding euthanasia.